COMPULSORY SPECIFICATION FOR SMALL ARMS SHOOTING RANGES
1.1 This specification covers general requirements for the planning, construction and operation of indoor and
outdoor shooting ranges.
1.2 It does not apply to any area where it could otherwise be lawful to discharge a firearm.
For the purpose of this specification the following definitions apply:
the steel plate covering the area of the protected zone (qv) of an indoor range, behind and around the bullet
trap (qv), where bullet strikes are likely. It has no direct equivalent on an outdoor range.
a structure or device, that is mounted with its face towards the firing point (qv). It is intended to stop or redirect
the device or construction behind the targets intended to stop and trap shots that pass through or near the
the fan shaped area beyond the targets where those misdirected shots that do not impact the stop butt (qv),
either in azimuth or elevation, will impact. A danger area is not required if the stop butt is of sufficient size.
NOTE – Only outdoor ranges can have a danger area.
the point, or points, from which shots may be fired on the range.
centre fire cartridges and firearms so chambered.
the area of an indoor range, behind and around the Bullet Trap (qv) and Backplate (qv), intended to stop all
misdirected shots that may reasonably be expected to be fired. Depending on the dimensions of the range it
may include parts of the sidewalls and ceiling. Analogous to the stop butt (qv) on an outdoor range.
a bullet that continues to travel through the air after rebounding or skipping off some object or part of the range.
the required minimum angle between the sighting line (qv) and an imaginary line drawn from the eye of the
shooter to the top or side of the stop butt (qv) or protected zone (qv).
handguns, rifles and shotguns.
the 0,22 inches rim fire cartridge and firearms so chambered.
an imaginary line drawn from the eye of the shooter to the target.
stop butt /back stop
the bank, wall or other device, behind and around the bullet trap (qv), intended to stop all misdirected shots
that may reasonably be expected to be fired. It applies only to outdoor ranges.
3 Categories of ranges
There are three basic categories of shooting ranges:
a) Indoor ranges (see Annex B),
b) Outdoor no danger area ranges (see Annex C), and
c) Outdoor danger area ranges (see Annex D).
NOTE – There is no essential difference between handgun and rifle ranges. However, the much higher velocities and muzzle
energies of most rifle ammunition impose greater demands on the bullet trap, protected zone or stop butt, and danger area of the
range. The use of a range for centre fire rifle, in addition to handgun, will often be dependant on the economics of the necessary
construction and/or the danger area available.
3.2 Indoor ranges
Indoor range is a range that is constructed inside a building.
3.3 Outdoor no danger area ranges
A no danger area outdoor range shall be constructed or designed in such a way that no misdirected shot, that
can reasonably be expected to be fired towards the targets, will leave the range.
3.4 Outdoor danger area ranges
3.4.1 Outdoor danger area ranges are ranges where the stop butt (only outdoor ranges can have danger
areas) is not sufficiently high and/or wide to meet the requirement to contain all reasonably expected
3.4.2 Outdoor danger area ranges shall have a danger area (see figure 1) beyond the stop butt. In the case of
shotgun ranges there is no stop butt, and the danger area then naturally is the area where all the shot
4 Potential hazards associated with shooting ranges
4.1 Indoor range potential hazards
The following potential hazards should be taken into consider